Nicholas HOWSER (RIN: 3214) was born abt. 1751 in Germany. He married Jane WARNER abt. 1779 in Pennsylvania. He died bef. 01 January 1848 in Barren County, Kentucky. Jane WARNER (RIN: 3215) was born abt. 1764 in Pennsylvania. She died abt. 1830 in Barren County, Kentucky.


Children of Nicholas HOWSER and Jane WARNER are:
1. Catherine HOWSER (RIN: 3213), b. abt. 1790 See William ALLEN & Catherine HOWSER OR Thomas GENTRY & Catherine HOWSER

Notes for Nicholas HOWSER:

ID: I04454
Name: Nicholas Hauser Sr.
Sex: M
Birth: ABT 1751 in Germany
Death: BEF JAN 1848 in Barren County, Kentucky
Census: 1810 Barren County, Kentucky 1
Census: 1820 Tompkinsville, Monroe, KY 2
Census: 1830 Barren County, Kentucky 3
Census: 1840 Barren County, Kentucky 4
Event: Court Order 5
Change Date: 6 APR 2008
Note:
FAMILY: The NORTH CAROLINA TAXPAYERS; 1701-1786; sent by Bonnie Upton Davis in Feb 1998. There are six HOUSER individuals taxed in Surry County in 1772: George, Jacob, John, Martin, Michael and Peter.
NORTH CAROLINA TAXPAYERS; 1679-1790. Seven HAUSER households are taxed in Surry County in 1782: Geo, Geo Jr, Jacob, John, Martin, Nicholas, and Peter.
EARLY TENNESSEE TAX LIST. Six HOUSER households are taxed in Sullivan County, TN: John in 1796 & 1797; Nicholas in 1796 & 1797; George in 1812; Michael in 1812.

BIRTH: LDS International Genealogical Index; 1993 ed., version 3.0. Nicolaus Matheus HAUSER, born 21 Sep 1761 at Steinbach Huenfeld, Hessen-Nassau, Preussen [Germany], son of Johann Georg & Maria Elisabeth KNAUF. Could this be the same man? [I wrote submitter in Aug 1997, who answered that knew of neither spouse nor immigration.]

!FAMILY: There was a John HOUSER associated with Nicholas in early Sullivan county, TN land records, first dated 1779, but recorded 4 Nov 1789. John HOWZAR and Phillip HOWZAR were chain carriers for the survey of Nicholas' land done on 2 Dec 1786.

FAMILY: What is his relation to Abraham HOUZER who is listed on the 1800 Tax lists, and 1810 & 1820 KY censuses in Jessamine County, KY?

!IMMIGRATION: H. Frank Eshleman, HISTORIC BACKGROUND AND ANNALS OF THE SWISS AND GERMAN PIONEER SETTLERS OF SOUTHEASTERN PENNSYLVANIA; 1500-1789; Baltimore, Genealogical Publishing, 1969; p. 302; California State Library Sutro, F160 S9 E8. In 1749 there were 21 shiploads of German-Swiss people, among whom are found 3 with the common Lancaster County name of HAUSER. These Germans were coming in great hordes, nearly all poor.

!BIRTH-IMMIGRATION-MARRIAGES-CHILDREN-PROBATE: Letter from Joyce LINDSTROM, 467 North 3200 East, Lewisville, ID 83431, in Mar 1997. Nicholas HOWSER, born about 1750-1760 in Germany, came to the U.S. with parents (or alone?), married 1st to Jane WARNER, daughter of Steve & Jemima; twelve [sic] children are listed. He died in 1847 in Barren county, KY, where he left a will naming his children and grandchildren.

!IMMIGRATION: Article sent by Martha NALEFSKI, copied by Dorothy H. LAIN, sent her by TN HOWSERs. Nicholas was said to have come from Germany as a stowaway, and settled in NC. When lots were drawn for soldiers for the War of 1812, he drew a colored bead. [He would have been around age 52-61, too old to serve? Could story be of his son, Nicholas, Jr., then age 17?] "His brother-in-law Steve WARNER, all of whose family had been killed by Indians, prevailed on him to let him go in his stead."

LAND: Dorothy H. LAIN [now deceased] lists on her sheet "Nicholas Howser" the Pennsylvania Archives, 2nd Series, Vol. XVII, p. 279: "This grant is in Book 2, page 265." [To what does this refer?]

!LAND: E. A. Houser, "Early Sullivan County, TN Land Action Records;" abstracted from Land Grant & Military Warrant Office, NC, Sullivan County Courthouse records at Blountville, TN. John HOUSER/HOWSER and Nicholas HOWSER were apparently brothers who came to Sullivan county, TN together in 1779. They left about 1802, going to Kentucky. [Application was placed in Raleigh, NC for a civilian grant in TN in 1779. Documentation? Was Nicholas in PA in 1780 awaiting this grant when his first child Thomas Jefferson HOWSER was born?]

!MARRIAGE-CHILDREN-LAND: "Nicholas HOWSER," dated Nov 1985 by Dorothy H. LAIN. In 1786 Nicholas HOWZER bought [sic] land in Sullivan county, NC (soon TN), which was surveyed for him on 2 Dec 1786, [entry] #1799, on both sides of Cherokee Creek, bordered by Benj. JOHNSON on north, and on the drafts of STEWARTs Branch, beginning at Chas. GENTRY's corner, consisting of 50 acres. Chain-bearers were Phillip HOWZAR and John HOWZAR. [This is the 50 acres that were a NC Grant #468 to Nicholas HOWSER, Entry #1799 dated 5 Oct 1779, recorded 4 Nov 1789 in Sullivan County, TN DEED BOOK 1, p. 343. Photocopy in possession of Karen Theriot Reader.]
In 1787 Nicholas HOWSER bought 500 acres on Kendricks Creek from Chas. GENTRY, deed dated 7 Jan 1787. Recorded 10 Sep 1789 in Sullivan County, TN, DEED BOOK 1, p. 293; photocopy in possession of Karen Theriot Reader.
Nicholas sold 150 [sic, deed says 250 more or less] acres to Thos RUBY for 130 pounds "Virginia money," deed dated 23 Sep 1791, recorded 9 Jan 1794. [recorded in Sullivan County, TN, DEED BOOK 2, p. 624; have copy of original which mentions a bordering neighbor Charles GENTRY].
Recorded land transfer of 52 acres on 15 Jan 1796 from State of NC to Nicholas HOWSER [in Sullivan County, TN DEED BOOK 3, p. 118].
On 15 Oct 1802 Nicholas HOUSER of Hawkins county, TN sold to Jonas KEEN of Sullivan county, TN 300 acres on waters of Kendricks Creek on Howser's Spring Branch, for 200 lbs sterling. Recorded 25 Aug 1812 [in Sullivan County, TN DEED BOOK #6, p. 234].
Seal affixed 28 Jan 1805 on grant to Nicholas HOWSER, who received 200 acre "Grant South of the Green River, KY" as assignee of Robert TRUE. The land was in Green county on the waters of Mill Creek.

!LAND-COURT: Transcript of Barren County, KY, Court Order [Book] #1, 1799-1802; p. 65; sent by Martha NALEFSKI in May 1997. County Court for Aug 1802, dated 23 Aug 1802, present and presiding were Andrew WALKER, William RENICK and John McFERRAN. "On motion of Nichd. Howser a Writ of Ad Quad Damnum is granted him to view a Mill Seat on Mill Creek on the 3rd Saturday in September next on the land of said Howser." [Two other writs allowed Geo. SUTTLE and Samuel MARS also to "view" mill sites (MARRS was on same date, same creek.)]
On p. 70 of transcription: A later court (between Aug and Nov 1802) recorded another legal move by Nicholas: "On motion of Nicholas HOWSER seting [sic] forth that he owns a tract of land on Mill Creek on both sides thereof whereon he is desirious [sic] to build a Water Grist Mill. It is therefore ordered that a Writ in the nature of Ad Quad Damnum be granted him for the Sheriff to Summon a Jury to meet on the land of the said Hoswer on the 3rd Thrusday [sic] in Octob. next where he proposes to erect said Mill and make report of their proceeding to court."

CENSUS: 1800, not found in Surry County, NC. Where?

!OCCUPATION-COURT: Barren County Courthouse, KY, ORDER BOOK #1; 1799-1802; p. 65 of transcription sent by Martha Nalefski in Apr 1997. Dated August Court 1802 [apparently met quarterly]: "On motion of Nichd.[sic] Howser a Writ of Ad Quad Damnum [sic, spelled Damumn below] is granted him to view a Mill Seat on Mill Creek on the 3rd Saturday in September next on the land of said Howser." [Two other men were also granted similar "Mill Seats."
Also, on p. 70: "On motion of Nicholas Howser seting [sic] forth that he owns a tract of land on Mill Creek on both sides thereof whereon he is desirious [sic] to build a Water Grist Mill. It is therfore [sic] ordered that a Writ in the nature of Ad Quad Damnum be granted him for the Sheriff to Summon a Jury to meet on the land of the said Howser on the 3rd Thrusday [sic] in Octob. next where he proposes to erect said Mill and make report of their proceeding to court."

!FAMILY-LAND-TAX: "Nicholas Howser," 2-page article signed by Dorothy H. LAIN, sent by Martha NALEFSKI in Apr 1997. What relation was the Abraham HOWSER of Jessamine county, KY? He is said to have come in 1760 to America through Philadelphia and settled in or near Hagerstown, Washington county, MD. He married Nancy RHORER; had twelve children The first child, son Jacob born in 1771, moved to KY, settled near Mt. Eden, south of Shelbyville, KY. Like Nicholas, Abraham owned a grist mill.
In 1803 Nicholas HOWSER first appears on a Barren county KY tax list, with 200 acres on Mill Cr with 2 males over age 21, 1 male 16-20, and four horses. [Also on 1804-1806?]
In 1807 Nicholas HOWSER with 200 acres, same place, with 1 male over 21, 1 male under 21 [sic], and three horses.
In 1808, 2 males over 21, four horses.
In 1809, 1 male over 21, 1 horse.
In 1815 the marriage permission Nicholas wrote for son Nicholas W. was written on the back of a list of "bushels to LOUGH," showing he owned a mill. He may also have owned a tavern.
From 1821-1826 Nicholas is listed on Monroe county (formed in 1820 from this area of Barren County, KY) tax list.
In 1827 he moved to Barren county, on Skaggs Creek, with 150 acres, 1 male over 21, 1 male 16-21, five horses.
Nicholas married in 1837 to Roseanna [RITTER] HUFFMAN, widow of Cornelius HUFFMAN, a Revolution veteran. Nicholas died in fall or winter 1847, after making out a will in 1847. He named only his widow. Through the years he had owned numbers of slaves, and had some at his death.

!MARRIAGES: Barren County, KY. Bond of 50 pounds filed in Barren county, KY, dated 6 Nov 1837, signed by Nicholas HOWSER & Silas REDFORD, attesting that no just cause would obstruct a marriage between the above bound Nicholas HOWSER & Rosy HUFFMAN of this county to marry.

!MARRIAGES: BARREN COUNTY, KY; 1798-1849; p. 134. Nicholas HOWSER (Sr.) to Rosy (Rosanna) HUFFMAN, 23 Nov 1837.

!MARRIAGE: BARREN COUNTY KENTUCKY RECORDS #1; 1800-1859; Researchers, 1997; p. 46; listed in wills for 1800-1825; own copy. Nicholas HOWSER married on 23 Nov 1837 to Rosy HUFFMAN.

!MARRIAGES: Family Group Record sent by Joyce LINDSTROM in Apr 1997 lists 2nd wife Roseanna HUFFMAN (widow), dated 23 Nov 1837.

!RELIGION: "Genealogical Notes on Family of Nicholas Houser (Howser)," sent by Martha Nalefski in Apr 1997. Nicholas HOUSER & Jane, his wife were received as members of the Mill Creek Baptist Church, by letter [?], on the first Saturday in Jan 1802. (Reference: MINUTES, Book I, 11 Sep 1798 - 13 Dec 1806.) The Church building is designated a Kentucky State Shrine, located near Tompkinsville in present Monroe county (before 1820 a part of Barren county), KY.
In Nov 1809 a division in the congregation of this church occurred; those favoring the incumbent pastor John MULKEY retained the church building, [leaving the Baptist Church for Disciples of Christ, or "Campbellites"]. Other members kept the Minute Book and organized a new church, keeping the name Mill Creek Baptist Church. In May 1810 Reverend John B. LONGAN was chosen Minister to the newly organized church. On the second Saturday in Jun 1810, Nicholas HOUSER was chosen as one of the Deacons. In Aug 1810 he and another were appointed to look for a place for a new meeting house. In Sep 1810 Brother Nicholas was appointed with others to procure a deed from John HARRIS for an acre and a half of land on which to build the meeting house. In BOOK 2, MILL CREEK CHURCH MINUTES: Nicholas HOUSER and Jane (his wife) were marked "Dismissed."

!PROBATE: Barren County, KY Court, WILL BOOK 1; p. 332. Samuel GENTRY's will, dated 16 [2?] Feb 1816, presented at May Court, 1816. Witnessed by Nicholas HOUSER.

!WILL: Barren County Courthouse [SCt.], KY, probated in Jan term 1848; pp. 288-289. Transcription done by Sandra K. GORIN in "Ancestral Roots of the HOUSER-HOWSER Family;" p. 6. Probate of will of Nicholas HOWSER, deceased, will dated 16 Jan 1847. Nicholas named Anderson WOOTEN executor, and the will was written and signed in the presence of William GLOVER and William R. GLOVER. In it he gave his wife Rosa Ann HOWSER a cupboard and cupboardware, also a Negro girl Sary Eliza, and a bay mare called Mead; in addition she was to receive an equal share of his estate with his children.
His three adult Negro slaves--Tillermon, Nancy, and Jacob--were to share $100, and be permitted to choose their masters, who would have to pay the price set on them by Asa YOUNG and Seth BRADSHAW.
All the rest of his real and personal estate was to be sold (on a credit of twelve months) and the amount equally divided among his wife and children.

!PROBATE-SLAVES: Barren County Courthouse, KY, May Term 1848, the accounting of a sale of the property of Nicholas HOUSER, deceased, held on 1st and 2nd of Feb 1848, was filed by Anderson WOOTEN, executor, on 15 May 1848. Total value was $3533.89. Malinda TUDOR bought the Bible for $1.00. A "Counterpin & Coverlid" sold to Hugh BARTLET for $6.05; a bed and furniture to H. BUFORD for $10.50. A wagon sold for $46.00, the sorrel horse for $60.50, a colt and mare for $70.25, five cows averaged over $7.00 each. Hugh BARTLET also bought one Negro boy Andy for $326.00; J. W. WOOTEN bought another Negro boy Eldridge for $161.00. Other slaves were Tilmore, sold to Isaac DENHAM for $475.00 [at 12 months credit]; Jacob, sold to Tho. HOUSER for $475.00 [also at 12 months credit]; and Nance & her child, sold to Arch. S. CHER[NO?]WITH for $350.00. Two tracts of land were sold to S. H. DICKERSON for $1,000.00.

!PROBATE-COURT: A court challenge filed in Barren County, KY Circuit Court [before 15 May 1848] challenged the executorship of Anderson WOOTEN, the share taken by widow Rosanna [HUFFMAN] HOWSER, filed by Michael DENHAM, his wife Crissy HOWSER, Thomas HOWSER, Linney HOWSER TUDOR, Mary HOWSER NELSON and her husband John, Betsey HOWSER NELSON and her husband Whitson. Other heirs are named. It was not finally settled until Apr 1852, when distribution was ordered in 14 equal shares, to Nicholas HOWSER's children (or their heirs) and his widow.




Father: Hauser

Marriage 1 Jane Warner b: ABT 1764 in Pennsylvania
Married: ABT 1779 in Pennsylvania
Children
Thomas Jefferson Houser b: 24 DEC 1780 in Pennsylvania
Nancy Houser b: ABT 1783 in Surry County, North Carolina
Jane Houser b: ABT 1786 in Surry County, North Carolina
Jemima Houser b: 24 MAR 1788 in Tennessee
Catherine Houser b: ABT 1790
Warner Houser b: ABT 1792 in Tennessee
Nicholas W. Houser Jr. b: 19 JAN 1795 in Sullivan County, Tennessee
Mary Houser b: 25 JAN 1797 in Sullivan County, Tennessee
Stephen A. Houser b: 1799 in Barren County, Kentucky
Malinda Houser b: ABT 1801 in Barren County, Kentucky
Elizabeth Houser b: 3 DEC 1803 in Barren County, Kentucky
Martha Houser b: ABT 1806 in Barren County, Kentucky
Lucretia Houser b: 21 AUG 1808 in Barren County, Kentucky

Marriage 2 Roseanna Ritter b: ABT 1784 in Virginia
Married: 23 NOV 1837 in Barren County, Kentucky
Note: !MARRIAGE: Barren County, KY Courthouse, Clerk sent marriage bond dated 6 Nov 1837, in which Nicholas HOWSER and Silas REDFORD promised bond of 50 pounds, that there was "no just cause to obstruct the said marriage" of Nicholas HOWSER & Rosy HUFFMAN. Signed by both men.

Sources:
Title: U.S. Federal Census
Author: National Archives and Records Administration
Repository:
Note:
NAME National Archives Branch
ADDR San Bruno, CA
Page: Microfilm M252, Roll 5, p. 49 (89)
Text: Nicholas HOWSER, line [5]:
Males Females Other Slaves
0-9 10-15 16-25 26-44 45+ 0-9 10-15 16-25 26-44 45+
0 2 0 0 2 4 2 0 0 1
Age calculated by 1st Monday in Aug 1810. [The two boys would be Stephen (age 11) and Nicholas (age 14). Son Warner would have been 18. Where is he? Who is other over-45 male besides Nicholas Sr? Possibly his father-in-law Stephen WARNER? Girls under 10 are: Lenny (around 9), Elizabeth (6), Martha (4) and Crissy (2). Girls 10-15 are: Mary (age 12) and ? Jane WARNER would be the older woman, wife of Nicholas.]
Title: U.S. Federal Census
Author: National Archives and Records Administration
Repository:
Note:
NAME National Archives Branch
ADDR San Bruno, CA
Page: Microfilm M33, Roll 25, p. 215 [536]
Text: Nicholas HOWSER:
Males Females Agric . M/Slaves/F
0-9 10-15 16-18 19-25 26-44 45+ 0-9 10-15 16-25 26-44 45+
0 0 0 1 0 1 0 2 20 2 2
Boy is probably Stephen (age 21), with father Nicholas over age 45, both engaged in agriculture. Martha and Crissy are age 14 and 12; Elizabeth and Lenny age 16 and 19. Wife Jane is around 56. The other older female is probably her widowed mother Jemima, who did not die until 20 Jun 1826.
Title: U. S. Federal Census (online)
Note: CALN ancestry.com
Repository:
Note:
NAME Internet
Page: M19, Roll 33, p. 124
Text: Line [27], Nicholas HOWSER:
FREE WHITE MALES FREE WHITE FEMALES SLAVES
0-4 5-9 10-14 15-19 20-29 . . . 70-79 0-4 5-9 10-14 15-19 20-29 ... 60-69 Males 10-25 / Females under 10
0 0 0 0 0 0000 1 0 0 1 0 1 000 1 2 1
[Nicholas Sr. would have been born around 1751-1760; his wife (from other data) was around age 66. Younger female in household would be Martha (age 24, who did not marry until 1832) and the girl age 10-14 could be granddaughter Catherine GENTRY, orphaned daughter of George & Jane HOUSER, age 12. There were three slaves--two males between ages of 10 and 25; and one female under 10. This made a total of 7 persons in household.]

!CENSUS: BARREN COUNTY KENTUCKY 1830 CENSUS; transcription sent by Martha NALEFSKI in Apr 1997; p. 34. Nicholas HOWSER: 1 male age 70-79; three females, ages 10-14, 20-29, and 60-69. There are also 3 slaves. [On both sides of household are David B. RITTER [sic, two households before] and Isaac N. DENHAM [sic, three household after].]
Note: HeritageQuest.
Title: U. S. Federal Census (online)
Note: CALN ancestry.com
Repository:
Note:
NAME Internet
Page: M704
Text: Line .
MALES FEMALES
0-4 5-9 10-14 15-19 20-29 30-39 40-49 0-4 4-9 10-14 15-19 20-29 30-39 40-49
Title: Kentucky Order Book No. 3, Barren County
Author: Eva Coe Peden
Publication: Glasgow, KY: Peden, 1977
Note: Covers 1806 to April Court 1812
Page: pp. 14, 31 & 130
Text: At the July 1806 Court:
On motion of Thomas SULLIVAN and Gideon MAYFIELD, ordered that Nicholas HOWSER, James HARLAND, William M. LOGUE & James RUSH, or any three, being first sworn, do view part of the road leading from Emmerrys [sic] Ferry to Barren Courthouse and also a new way proposed to be opened by the said Thomas SULLIVAN & Gideon MAYFIELD, and report to the Court the nearest and best way with the comparitive [sic] conveniences and inconveniences.
At the June 1807 County Court:
Ordered that Nicholas HOWSER be appointed Surveyor of the road leading from Cumberland County line to intersect the road from Belchers Mill to the Sulpher Lick beginning at Fraileys Ford on Mill Creek from thence to Bartholomew WOODS fence in the room of Jacob GRIDER and that all the hands on each side of sd road within two miles do assist him to keep the same in repair 18 feet wide.
At the Feb 1811 County Court:
Nicholas HOWSER, with others, was similarly asked to view another road and report.
At the November County Court, held Monday 18 Nov 1811:
Nicholas HOWSER was named as cosecurity for a bond of $500 for Moses MITCHELL as Constable
On same date Nicholas acted as security of $300 for his daughter Kitty ALLEN to be named administrator of her decd. husband Wm. ALLEN's estate. "On motion of Kitty Allen who made oath as the law directs Certificate is granted her for obtaining letters of Admr. of the Estate of Wm. Allen decd. who together with Nicholas Howser her security intered [sic] into bond in the penalty of 300 dollars conditioned as the law directs."
The same court asked that the estate of Wm. Allen be inventoried. "Ordered that Gideon Mayfield, Aron Hays, Ezekiel Springer & Thomas Greenup or any three being first sworn do appraise in Current money the personal Estate and Slaves if any of Wm. Allen Decd. and return an Invantory [sic] therof [sic] to the Court."
Note: Covers years from 1806 - April Court 1812.


Notes for Jane WARNER:

ID: I04453
Name: Jane Warner
Sex: F
Birth: ABT 1764 in Pennsylvania
Death: ABT 1830 in Barren County, Kentucky
Census: 1810 Barren County, Kentucky 1
Change Date: 25 SEP 2005
Note:
FATHER: Was he Stephen, or John or William ?

!BIRTH: First child born 24 Dec 1780, last child born 21 Aug 1808. Most likely she would have been around age 16/age 44 at these events, thus born about 1764.

!CENSUS: 1830 U.S. federal census, shows she was born 1761-1770.




Father: Stephen Warner
Mother: Jemima b: 1733

Marriage 1 Nicholas Hauser Sr. b: ABT 1751 in Germany
Married: ABT 1779 in Pennsylvania
Children
Thomas Jefferson Houser b: 24 DEC 1780 in Pennsylvania
Nancy Houser b: ABT 1783 in Surry County, North Carolina
Jane Houser b: ABT 1786 in Surry County, North Carolina
Jemima Houser b: 24 MAR 1788 in Tennessee
Catherine Houser b: ABT 1790
Warner Houser b: ABT 1792 in Tennessee
Nicholas W. Houser Jr. b: 19 JAN 1795 in Sullivan County, Tennessee
Mary Houser b: 25 JAN 1797 in Sullivan County, Tennessee
Stephen A. Houser b: 1799 in Barren County, Kentucky
Malinda Houser b: ABT 1801 in Barren County, Kentucky
Elizabeth Houser b: 3 DEC 1803 in Barren County, Kentucky
Martha Houser b: ABT 1806 in Barren County, Kentucky
Lucretia Houser b: 21 AUG 1808 in Barren County, Kentucky

Sources:
Title: U.S. Federal Census
Author: National Archives and Records Administration
Repository:
Note:
NAME National Archives Branch
ADDR San Bruno, CA
Page: Microfilm M252, Roll 5, p. 89 (49)
Text: Nicholas HOWSER, line [5]:
Males FemalesOther Slaves
0-9 10-15 16-25 26-44 45+ 0-9 10-15 16-25 26-44 45+
0 2 0 0 2 4 2 00 1
Age calculated by 1st Monday in Aug 1810. [The two boys would be Stephen (age 11) and Nicholas (age 14). Son Warner would have been 18. [Where is he? Who is other over-45 male besides Nicholas Sr? Possibly his father-in-law Stephen WARNER?] Girls under 10 are: Lenny (around 9), Elizabeth (6), Martha (4) and Crissy (2). Girls 10-15 are: Mary (age 12) and ? Jane WARNER would be the older woman, wife of Nicholas.]